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Additionally, the African Union recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which is a portion of Western Sahara; this recognition by the AU caused Morocco to resign. The African Union has transferred all functions related to the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to … This federation has at least 21 affiliated functioning unions under it with an estimated membership of not less than 1.8 million. It is an actor”. 3.2.2 Develop Contingency Plans for employment of forces in PSOs and other operations. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Comparatively, the functions of the African Union, as contained in the Constitutive Act, are to: • Achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and the peoples of Africa • Defend the sovereignty, … The OAU was established on 25 May 1963, ... Any other functions as may be mandated by the Peace and Security Council or the Assembly. ECOSOCC ABBREVIATIONS African Union Member State names Unless otherwise noted, the full names on the left are as listed in the African Union (AU) Constitutive Act … The African Union: Track record and prospects Key Messages 1) “Do not panic [about the state of the African Union]. In general, the African Union objectives are different and more comprehensive than those of the OAU. The African Union, or AU, includes every independent African country except Morocco. A Pan-African Parliament, and organ to ensure the full participation of African peoples in governance, development and economic integration of the Continent. Comparatively, the objectives of the African Union are to achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and the peoples of Africa, to defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its Member States, to accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the continent, to promote and defend African common positions on issues of interest to the continent and its peoples … GRANT NUMBER 5c. Yet there seems to be an implementation deficit, a gap, regarding these norms in many African countries. 1. The African Union is the successor organisation to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the African Economic Community (AEC). Union, independent African heads of state established a more pragmatic international Organisation, the OAU, which served as a framework for loose association among African states. The vision of the African Union is that of: “An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in global arena.” This vision of a new, forwardlooking, dynamic and integrated Africa will be fully realized through relentless struggle on several fronts and as a long-term endeavour. This is how evolution happens.” 2) “The AU is not a rising actor. The Commission is the administrative wing of the AU accountable to the Assembly and the Executive Council.The AU Commission is given numerous administrative functions and mandate that include Commission. • Elects the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC) • Appoints the AUC Commissioners and determines their functions and terms of office • Admits new members to the AU • Adopts the AU budget • Takes decisions on important AU matters • Amends the Constitutive Act in conformity with the laid down procedures Some of the functions of the chairperson include chairing all meetings and deliberations of the commission, undertaking measures aimed at promoting and popularising the objectives of the AU. The Role of the African Union in African Peacekeeping Operations 5a. African Union (AU), formerly (1963–2002) Organization of African Unity, intergovernmental organization, established in 2002, to promote unity and solidarity of African states, to spur economic development, and to promote international cooperation. The African Union was founded in 2002 as a successor of the Organization for African Unity; and, it maintains headquarters Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. As the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), founded in 1963, was established as a loose association of African states with limited mechanisms for implementing coordinated regional policies, managing conflicts and fostering continental peace and security, it experienced fundamental challenges to its raison d'être. • Work with relevant international partners in the eradication of preventable diseases and the promotion of good health on the continent. Although the organization reports success in the first decade of its endeavors, in 2012 it held a conference in Berlin to determine the challenges that it still faces in achieving its goals. See Holt, VK and Shanahan, MK African Capacity-Building for Peace Operations: UN Collaboration with the African Union and ECOWAS (2005, Stimson Center) at 50. AU is an acryomn of the organization African Union, the organization was created from the former OAU (Organisations of Africa Union ) which was founded in 25th May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia by 32 signatory government and unfortunately it was disbanded on 9th July 2002. These include representing the African Union and defending its interests, implementing decisions taken by other organs of the African Union, promoting integration and socio-economic development, ensuring the promotion of peace, democracy, security and stability, and ensuring the mainstreaming of gender in all programs and activities of the African Union. Before the establishment of ECOWAS, West Africa was made of distinct states which had one thing in common: different colonial rule and experiences. To promote the unity and solidarity of African States; 2. Since its formation, the AU has established a set of norms and institutions that reflect the principles of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), and by its own declaration, An example of the importance of the AU is the success story of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) that has CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. List Assembly of the Union. The composition, powers, functions and organization of the Pan-African Parliament shall be defined in a [future] protocol relating thereto.” (from the Constitutive Act of the African Union). Gallagher Estate in Midrand, South Africa. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Many Africa… It was established 5.4 The structural functional analysis of the Organisation of African Unity In order to gain a better understanding of the workings of the different institutions The aim of this organization is to unite the countries that make up Africa and the most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union,  a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. Develop and promote common policies on trade, defence and foreign relations to ensure the defence of the Continent and the strengthening of its negotiating positions; Invite and encourage the full participation of the African Diaspora as an important part of our Continent, in the building of the African Union. TASK NUMBER 5f. AUTHOR(S) Colonel John Peter Matthews Kobbie, International Fellow – South Africa 5d. To defend their sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence; 4. In respect to this, what are the functions of African Union? PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND … This is a brand new feature of the AU; the OAU did not have a parliament. The African Union (AU) replaced the Organization of African Unity (OAU). To coordinate and intensify their cooperation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa; 3. Executive Council. The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights has jurisdiction over all cases submitting to it concerning the African Charter on Human and The protocol relating to the composition, powers, functions and organization of the Pan-African Parliament has been signed by Member States and is in the process of ratification. As an organization, the OAU registered achievements in assisting liberation movements in Africa to gain self rule for their various countries. The charter that created the OAU was the result of several multinational African conferences held in the 1950s and 1960s aimed at supporting Africans PROJECT NUMBER 5e. Its predecessor was the Organization for African Unity (OAU)—established in 1963. • Encourage international cooperation, taking due account of the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Promote peace, security, and stability on the continent; • Promote democratic principles and institutions, popular participation and good governance. Below are some questions and answers about the organisation: WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The OAU has served its mission and was due for replacement by a structure geared towards addressing the current needs of the continent. Some of the most important functions of the trade union are as follows: i. Court of Justice. The African Union has adopted a number of normative frameworks that enshrine the values of accountable and democratic governance. 1. Functions of AU. However, the OAU was a victim of the Cold War that helped in undermining the cohesion that would have been needed in the continent. Also with diverse cultures and languages, this created both an opportunity and a challenge Facts also has it that the largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria while it’s largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The AU’s secretariat, the African Union CommIssion, is based in Addis Ababa. Some of the major aims of the African Union (AU) include the following: Promotion of unity and solidarity : The AU has one of its biggest aims or goals being the promotion of unity and solidarity among African countries. Having been established in 1985 with 33 unions under its wings, the federation has grown to become one of the largest in South Africa. Pan-African Parliament. John Hirsch, senior adviser at the International Peace Institute, conducted the interview. • Promote and protect human peoples’ rights in accordance with the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and other relevant human rights instruments; • Establish the necessary conditions which enable the continent to play its rightful role in the global economy and in international negotiations; • Promote sustainable development at the economic, social and cultural levels as well as the integration of African economies, • Promote cooperation in all fields of human activity to raise the living standards of African peoples Coordinate and harmonise the policies between the existing and future Regional Economic Communities for the gradual attainment of the objectives of the Union, • Advance the development of the continent by promoting research in all fields, in particular in science and technology. Its leadership comprises of ten commissioners including a chairperson and a deputy chairperson with their supporting staffs, and its function is to coordinate the AU’s activities and meetings. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. The African Union was established in order to solve so many issues facing the African continent and beyond. African Union (AU), the intergovernmental organisation that presides over peace and security on the continent. The functions of the Planning Cell are to: 3.2.1 Identify and advise on areas of potential conflict/humanitarian emergencies for intervention on the African continent in collaboration with Conflict Management Division or other relevant AUC Departments. Leaders from around the continent are gathered in Ethiopia's capital for an African Union (AU) summit. To eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa; and. To learn more, view our, Evaluating the African Union's Military Interventionist Role towards Conflict Management in Africa, The African Union's Emerging Peace and Security Regime Opportunities and Challenges for Delivering on the Responsibility to Protect, The African Union and Peace and Security in Central Africa, Peacekeeping in Africa: The Evolving roles of the African Union and Regional Mechanisms, African Union Evolving Role in Peace Operations. Answers about the organisation: 1 adopted a number of normative frameworks that enshrine the values of and! ( OAU ) —established in 1963 the email address to subscribe to this and. Than those of the continent in Ethiopia 's capital for an African Union commission is... And democratic governance to eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa ; and number of normative frameworks that enshrine values. Operations 5a different and more comprehensive than those of the continent to achieve a better for! 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