At this stage, the data is communicated between various processing systems. It is a systematic and logical arrangement of data in the form of Rows and Columns with respect to the characteristics of data. ADVERTISEMENTS: Let us make an in-depth study of the graphical representation of statistical data. Tabulation; Graphical Representation; Data Cleaning; Data Adjustment; data-processing-in-research-area. Tabulation makes complex data simple and as a result of this, it becomes easy to understand the data. Definition of Graphical Representation of Report, An Effective Structure of a Market Report, Difference Between Formal and Informal Reports, Importance of Market Report for Market Research, Principles of a Market Report for Market Research, Difference Between Informational Report and Analytical Report, Importance of Market Report for Marketing of Agricultural Product, Structure of a Report and Sample Report in Letter Format, Market Research Report Template, Sample, Example and Format, Annual Report Template, Sample, Example, and Format, Internal Control Questionnaire to Evaluate Internal Control Structure, Formal Report example / Format / Template / Sample, How to Write an Informal Report Step by Step, Effective Business Report Writing Methods, Purposes / Objectives / Significance / Importance of Report. Tables gave grounds for analysis of the data. Few of not acceptable questionnaires are incomplete or partial data, inadequate knowledge. In-depth analysis can take many forms from complex tabulations, multivariate analyses or by giving users of the survey data access to the data for re-analysis. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using each of the three measures of central tendency. Presentation of data refers to an exhibition or putting up data in an attractive and useful manner such that it can be easily interpreted. According to Tuttle, “A statistical table is the logical listing of related quantitative data in vertical columns and horizontal rows of numbers, with sufficient explanatory and qualifying words, phrases and statements in the form of titles, heading and footnotes to make clear the full meaning of the data and their origin” The AtScale survey found that the lack of a big data skill set has been the number one big data challenge for the past three years. Use in the Notice Board: Such representation can be hanged in the notice board to quickly raise the attention of employees in any organization. It is the series of steps for extracting information from raw data. A disadvantage of a line graph is that one particular data point cannot be effectively evaluated using this method. Helpful for less literate Audience: Less literate or illiterate people can understand graphical representation easily because it does not involve going through line by line of any descriptive report. 3. As soon as he inserts the card and enters balance, he wants to draw along with ATM pin, the machine processes the transaction and updated his bank account balance online within a few seconds. The data once arranged in a suitable form, gives the condition of the situation at a glance, or gives a bird eye view. There are many disadvantages of tabular form of data, out of many some of the major disadvantages of tabular representation of data are It does not give a visual presentation of data, it only gives textual representation ; Tabular data is only good for differences of points or if we tally two or more topics ; Tabular representation won’t provide much of definitions it only helps to tally 7. 3. It involves the orderly and systematic presentation of numerical data in a form designed to explain the problem under consideration. This article will clear the concept of those people. As graphical representations are exhibited through numerical figures, tables, or graphs, it usually involves less error and mistake. Questionnaire checking: The first step is to check if there are any questionnaires or no. Many software tools are available to process large volumes of data within a short span of time. There are three different types of data manipulating techniques they are. (iii) It is a must for diagrammatic representation. In hospitals patients, details can be easily searched. The data which is processed manually by human actions that are without using any tool is manual processing. The raw data like the number of students in a class, examination results, address, etc, which is given as input to the processor which uses certain procedures to manipulate the raw data and processes it to provide desired meaningful output. Prof. Bowley has rightly pointed out “In collection and tabulation, common sense is the chief requisite and experience is the chief teacher.” However, the following points should be borne in mind while preparing a table. Cross tabulation of categorical data can be done with through tools such as SPSS, SAS, and Microsoft Excel. Advantages of tabular presentation of data: 1. Independent events that contain specific, independently defined characteristics, are tabulated, or organized, into a contingency table. 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